Decreasing efficiency of immune system- Immune system of our body is the only one that fights against all the germs and diseases inside our body. Diabetes has a direct influence on its efficiency. When one is suffering from diabetes, his/her immune system’s efficiency decreases significantly. In other words, body stamina to fight against major/minor wounds, infection and other health problems decreases to a great extent.
Dissatisfaction- Feeling of dissatisfaction all the time is a major symptom of diabetes. Let’s know it profoundly- when even after drinking several glasses of water, you stay thirsty, you better know it is diabetes. Same goes with food. No matter how much you eat, you will stay hungry. This is nothing else but sign of diabetes.
Atypical body weight lose- Trust me guys; this is the worst way anyone would like to get thinner! Yes, in diabetes one loses his/her body weight up to a significant extent. If I rephrase it, you may say that if one is experiencing unlikely weight lose, he/she may be suffering from diabetes.
Diabetes Type 1:
In type 1, the pancreas stop producing insulin due to autuimmune response or possibly viral attack on pancreas. In absence of insulin, body cells don’t get the required glucose for producing ATP (Adenosin Triphosphate) units which results into primary symptom in the form of nausea and vomiting. In later stage, which leads to ketoacidosis, the body starts breaking down the muscle tissue and fat for producing energy hence, causing fast weight loss. Dehydration is also usually observed due to electrolyte disturbance. In advanced stages, coma and death is witnessed.
Diabetes Type 2:
Increased fatigue : Due to inefficiency of the cell to metabolize glucose, reserve fat of body is metabolized to gain energy. When fat is broken down in the body, it uses more energy as compared to glucose, hence body goes in negative calorie effect, which results in fatigue.
Polydipsia : As the concentration of glucose increases in the blood, brain receives signal for diluting it and, in its counteraction we feel thirsty.
Polyuria: Increase in urine production is due to excess glucose present in body. Body gets rid of the extra sugar in the blood by excreting it through urine. This leads to dehydration because along with the sugar, a large amount of water is excreted out of the body.
Polyphegia : The hormone insulin is also responsible for stimulating hunger. In order to cope up with high sugar levels in blood, body produces insulin which leads to increased hunger.
Weight flactuation : Factors like loss of water (polyuria), glucosuria , metabolism of body fat and protein may lead to weight loss. Few cases may show weight gain due to increased appetite.
Blurry vision : Hyperosmolar hyperglycemia nonketotic syndrome is the condition when body fluid is pulled out of tissues including lenses of the eye, which affects its ability to focus, resulting blurry vision.
Irritability : It is a sign of high blood sugar because of the inefficient glucose supply to the brain and other body organs, which makes us feel tired and uneasy.
Infections : The body gives few signals whenever there is fluctuation in blood sugar (due to suppression of immune system) by frequent skin infections like fungal or bacterial or UTI (urinary tract infection).
Poor wound healing : High blood sugar resists the flourishing of WBC, (white blood cell) which are responsible for body immune system. When these cells do not function accordingly, wound healing is not at good pace. Secondly, long standing diabetes leads to thickening of blood vessels which affect proper circulation of blood in different body parts.
In both types of diabetes, signs and symptoms are more likely to be similar as the blood sugar is high, either due to less or no production of insulin, or insulin resistance. In any case, if there is inadequate glucose in the cells, it is identifiable through certain signs and symptoms. These symptoms are quickly relieved once the Diabetes is treated and also reduce the chances of developing serious health problems.
Prominently there are three signs of diabetes:
1. Frequent urination- If one is troubled by diabetes, then he/she will do urination again and again. You’ll lose more water than normal and will always feel dehydrated.
2. Unending thirst- If you drink more water than usual and yet don’t feel relieved then there’s a possibility that you’re suffering from diabetes. Reason behind this is the fact that our body needs to water its functioning. Depletions of water due to frequent urinations lead to this unending thirst.
3. Abrupt decrease in your body weight- If there’s an abrupt decrease in one’s body weight, then it can be (most probably) diabetes. Reason behind this is the fact that in this condition (diabetes), pancreas discontinues the formation of insulin. When this happens, body doesn’t get required energy. Hence it starts breaking muscle fats for energy, which results in abrupt decrease of body weight.